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July       August      September
Zodiac: Leo      July 23 - August 21      Flower: Gladiolus     Birthstone: Peridot

August was originally the sixth month of the year and was called sextilis, which means "sixth." Augustus Caesar, however, renamed the month after himself; in order to be equal to the number of days in July, he extended the month to 31 days by taking one day from February. Now just as Augustus Caesar followed Julius Caesar, August follows July.

Immunization Awareness Month
Eye Injury Prevention Month

Summer School

1 U.S. Air Force established 1907.

Herman Melville writer of "Moby Dick," born 1819.

Colorado became the 38th state (settled in 1858), 1876.

Francis Scott Key who wrote the words to the US National Anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner," born 1780. [d. 1843]

First Lincoln head penny issued, 1909.     FACTOIDS: Commemorates the 100-year anniversary of Lincoln's birth and the first U.S. circulating coin to bear a president's image with the backside sporting two wheat sprigs around the words "IN GOD WE TRUST". In 1958, the wheat was replaced with the Lincoln Memorial to celebrate the 150 year anniversary.
James Butler "Wild Bill" Hickok, American cowboy of the Wild West, ambushed and killed by Jack McCall in Deadwood, Dakota Territory, 1876. FACTOID: Hickok was shot in the back of the head while playing poker and holding aces and eights (two pairs) ever since known as the "dead man's hand."

4 Coast Guard established 1790.
5 Neil Armstrong, American astronaut, born 1930.  FACTOID: First astronaut to land on the moon, on July 20, 1969. He placed an American flag on the moon. His famous quote, "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."

FACTOID: The coral-incrusted gun turret of the USS Monitor was raised from the floor of the Atlantic in 2002, nearly 140 years after the warship sunk in a storm after a battle in 1862 with the USS Merrimac.
6 First Atomic bomb dropped during World War II by United States on Hiroshima, 1945.

Andy Warhol, famous Pop Icon painter from the 50s to the 80s, born 1928.

National Night Out - "America's Night Out Against Crime" 7 p.m. - 10 p.m.
7 Whiskey Rebellion - A series of disturbances in 1794 in western Pennsylvania aimed against the enforcement of a 1791 U.S. federal law imposing an excise tax on whiskey.

Desert Storm, the United States mission in the Persian Gulf War, when we joined allies to help Kuwait expel Iran, started on this day in 1990.  [Ended July 16, 1991]
8 Refrigerator patented 1899.

The Summer Olympic Games open in Beijing, China, 08-08-2008. FACTOID: August 13, swimmer Michael Phelps wins his 11th career gold medal, becoming the first athlete in Olympic history to do so. On August 17, Phelps wins his 8th gold medal for the Summer games, breaking the record set by Mark Spitz in the 1972 games.
9 Electric, self-contained washing machine, patented 1910.

Atomic bomb dropped during World War II on Nagasaki, Japan, 1945.

Richard Nixon resigned as president of the United states rather than facing certain impeachment.  Gerald Ford was sworn in as President.
10 Missouri became the 24th state (settled in 1735), 1821.

Smithsonian Institute founded 1846.

Herbert Hoover, 31st President (1929), born 1874.
11 Alex Palmer Haley, author of "Roots," born 1921.  FACTOID: Received a special Pulitzer Prize on April 19, 1977 for the book.

Author and Illustrator, Don Freeman, born in 1908. [d. 1978]
13 Fidel Castro, Dictorial President of Cuba, born 1927.   FACTOID: After 49 years as ruler, Castro resigned due to failing health. His brother, Raul was elected to be his successor. [February 19, 2008]

American Sharpshooter Annie Oakley, born 1860.
14 V J Day - Celebrates the end of WWII when Japan surrenders in 1945.
15 Napoleon Bonaparte (Napoleon 1), Emperor of France, born 1769. [d. May 05, 1821]   FACTOID: He abdicated his throne on April 11, 1814.

Woodstock, famous rock concert,  1969.
16 Elvis Presley Day       FACTOID: Elvis died in 1977, 42 years of age.
17 Davy Crockett, Indian Scout & American frontiersman, Army Officer, and Congressman from Tennessee born in 1786.
18 Wizard of Oz premiered 1939.
19 William Jefferson Clinton III, 42 President (1993-2000), born 1946.

Poet Ogden Nash, born 1902.
20 Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President (1889), born 1833.
21 Wilt Chamberlain, 7'1" American basketball player, born 1936.

Hawaii became the 50th state (settled in 1820), 1959.

Slave rebellion led by Nat Turner, 1833.  Slaves revolted killing many slave owners.  
22 Mona Lisa painting stolen from The Louvre in Paris on this day in 1911; recovered in 1913.

Author Ray Bradbury born 1920.
24 Washington, D.C. burned in the "War of 1812"  by British troops, 1814.

The IAU (International Astronomical Union) has changed the definition of "planet" so that Pluto has been formally downgraded from an official planet to a dwarf planet. There are now officially only eight planets in our solar system. [2007]
26 Women's Equality Day commemorates the passing of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920, which gave women the right to vote. Also known as Susan B. Anthony Day.
27 Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th president (1963), born 1908. (d. 1/22/1973)
28 Confucius (means Great Master K'ung), Ancient Chinese Philosopher born 551 B.C.

Oil first produced commercially by E. L. Drake, 1859.
29 First motorcycle patented by German inventor Gottlieb Daimler, 1885.

A category 4 Hurricane Katrina made landfall near New Orleans, Louisiana, breaching the levee system that protected the city from Lake Pontchartrain, flooding most of the New Orleans, Mississippi, and Alabama by the lake's waters. FACTOID: Over $200 billion in damages, makes this the most costliest natural disaster in the history of the United States. 1,242 people perished, over a million people were displaced; historical artifacts, houses, museums, were destroyed along with the towns being wiped off the map, 2005.
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